Printmakers ‘Under Pressure’

Arts & Entertainment

Printmakers ‘Under Pressure’

New exhibit to open at DAC
If you go

There will be an opening reception for the new exhibit, “Under Pressure,” from 5-7 p.m. Friday at the Durango Arts Center, 802 E. Second Ave.
Exhibiting artists are: Rebecca Barfoot, Joshua Butler, Sandra Butler, Tim Calkins, Peggy Cloy, Ron Fundingsland, Dan Garner, Louise Grunewald, Crystal Hartman, Tony Holmquist, Andrew Jagniecki, Minna Jain, Tim Kapustka, Jake Kelley, Julia Klema, Sarah Kriehn, Mary Ellen Long, Shay Lopez, Jeff Madeen, Andrea Martens, Paul Pennington, Donny Phillips, Kay Roberts, Carol C. Sanchez, Arista Slater-Sandoval and Stevie Stevenson.
The exhibit will run through May 19 at the DAC. For more information, call 259-2606.

What is a print?

In essence, a print is an image that has been transferred from an inked plate or matrix onto a surface, such as paper. In “fine art” or “hand-pulled” printmaking, the artist creates the plate or matrix by hand. Though the process may sound simple, it is generally anything but. There are four basic types of printmaking processes:
Relief. A relief print is created by removing areas of a plate or block, then inking the remaining raised surface. Pressure is then applied by hand or a press to transfer the inked image to the paper. The areas that were removed from the plate will not print, producing “negative” space. The resulting print is a mirror image of the plate. Examples of relief processes: woodcut, linoleum cut, wood engraving, letterpress, collagraph, embossing, relief etching.Intaglio. An intaglio (the “g” is silent) print is made by incising into the plate to create recessed areas. The recessed areas are inked and any excess ink is wiped from the surface of the plate. The image is then transferred by placing dampened paper onto the plate and applying pressure, typically with a press, forcing the paper into the recessed areas. The resulting print is a mirror image of the plate. Examples of intaglio processes: etching, engraving, aquatint, dry point, collagraph, embossing, mezzotint.Planographic. A planographic print is created by applying ink onto a flat, smooth surface. Paper is placed on the inked surface, and the image is transferred to the paper by applying pressure by hand or a press. The resulting print is a mirror image of the plate. Examples of planographic processes: lithography, monotype, monoprint.Stencil. In a stencil print, a nonporous image or mask is adhered to a matrix or screen. The matrix is then placed on top of the paper and ink is forced through the matrix, transferring the ink to the paper in any areas that are not masked. In photographic printing, light passes through the matrix (film) onto light-sensitive paper, creating the print. In stencil printmaking, the resulting print is a negative image of the matrix. Examples of stencil processes: silk screen (serigraph), cyanotype, gum bichromate, pochoir.Maureen May, Curator of “Under Pressure”

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