“December 7th, 1941, a date which will live in infamy ... No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people, in their righteous might, will win through to absolute victory ... We are highly resolved that these dead shall not have died in vain.”
President Franklin RooseveltNational Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, which is observed annually on Dec. 7, commemorates the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, during World War II.
Many American service men and women lost their lives or were injured on Dec. 7, 1941. National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day is also referred to as Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day or Pearl Harbor Day.
On the direction of the president, the flag of the United States of America should be displayed on the homes of Americans, the White House and all United States government buildings. The flag should be flown at half-staff to honor those who died in the attack on Pearl Harbor.
On Sunday morning, Dec. 7, 1941, the American Army and Navy base in Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Imperial Japanese Navy. The attack came as a surprise to the American Army and Navy and led to great losses of life and equipment. More than 2,000 American citizens were killed and more than 1,000 were injured. The Americans also lost a large portion of their battleships and nearly 200 aircraft that were stationed in the Pacific region.
More than 60 Japanese servicemen were killed, injured or captured. The Japanese Navy also lost five midget submarines and 29 aircraft.
The Japanese military had hoped that the attack on Pearl Harbor would prevent the United States of America from increasing its influence in the Pacific. However, the events in Pearl Harbor actually led to the escalation of World War II. The day after the attack, the United States declared war on Japan and so entered World War II. President Franklin Roosevelt, in a speech to Congress, stated that the bombing of Pearl Harbor was “a date which will live in infamy.” Shortly afterward, Germany declared war on the United States. In the months that followed the attack, the slogan “Remember Pearl Harbor” swept the United States and radio stations repeatedly played a song of the same name.
In 1991, which marked the 50th anniversary of the attack, Congress established the Pearl Harbor Commemorative Medal. This is also known as the Pearl Harbor Survivor’s Medal and can be awarded to any veteran of the United States military who was present in or around Pearl Harbor during the attack by the Japanese military.
The medal can also be awarded to civilians who were killed or injured in the attack.
Richard Schleeter is the veterans service officer for the La Plata County Veterans Service Office. He can be reached at 759-0117 or firstname.lastname@example.org.