In the six months since the Gold King Mine blowout, congressional leaders have attempted to move forward with several bills addressing the spill and other issues associated with leaking abandoned mines. Some, including the discussion draft of the Good Samaritan Cleanup of Orphan Mines Act and the Hardrock Mining and Reclamation Act, were in the works before the spill but took on a renewed sense of purpose after the disaster.
Good Samaritan Cleanup of Orphan Mines Act
Proposed by: Sens. Michael Bennet, D-Colo., and Cory Gardner, R-Colo., and Rep. Scott Tipton, R-Cortez.
Discussion draft released: Jan. 19
Would allow third-party groups to apply for permits to clean up abandoned mines.
Groups would need to detail plans for remediation.
Groups could be held liable for straying from narrowly-tailored permit terms.
Does not allow remining of sites.
Applies to abandoned mine sites “used for the production of a mineral other than coal.”
Status: Hearing before the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works on Jan. 26 was postponed due to weather. Tentatively reset for Feb. 11.
Abandoned Mine Reclamation Safety Act
Sponsored by: Rep. Raúl Grijalva, D-Ariz.
Introduced: Jan. 6
Directs secretary of the Interior and others to develop “safe and environmentally responsible reopening of abandoned mines for the sole purpose of facilitating cleanup or remediation of conditions at such mines.”
Applies to coal and non-coal mines.
Seeks to incorporate recommendations from the Bureau of Reclamation’s report, “Technical Evaluation of the Gold King Mine Incident, San Juan County, Colorado,” released two months after the spill.
Status: Referred to the House Committee on Natural Resources on Jan. 6, and subsequently referred to the Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources on Jan. 7.
Hardrock Mining and Reclamation Act
Sponsored by: Sen. Tom Udall, D-N.M. Co-sponsored by Sens. Michael Bennet, D-Colo., Martin Heinrich, D-N.M., Ron Wyden, D-Ore., and Edward Markey, D-Mass.
Introduced: Nov. 5 to coincide with the three-month mark since the Gold King Mine blowout.
First major overhaul to the General Mining Law of 1872.
Would set limits on patenting of federal lands and sites located under the general mining law.
Would set a 2 percent to 5 percent royalty fee on new hardrock mining operations. Other extractive industries such as coal, oil and gas pay a royalty fee.
Would establish a Hardrock Minerals Reclamation Fund to help finance abandoned mine cleanup efforts.
Would charge mining companies annual rental payments on use of public lands.
Status: Read twice and referred to the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on Nov. 5.
Gold King Mine Spill Recovery Act
Sponsored by: Sen. Tom Udall, D-N.M.; Co-sponsored by Sens. Michael Bennet, D-Colo., and Martin Heinrich, D-N.M.
Introduced: Sept. 22
Would “amend the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 to address mining-related issues, and for other purposes.”
Would entitle people affected by the mine spill to receive compensation from the U.S. Government, and would call for the establishment of an Office of Gold King Mine Spill Claims within the EPA.
Would call for EPA to “work with affected States and Indian tribes to develop, fund, and implement a long-term monitoring program for water quality of the Animas and San Juan Rivers in response to the Gold King Mine spill.”
Status: Read twice and referred to the Senate Committee on the Judiciary on Sept. 22. A related bill, also called the Gold King Mine Spill Recovery Act, was introduced in the House by Rep. Ben Ray Luján, D-N.M., on Sept. 24 and referred to the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, as well as the House Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure, and Judiciary. It was subsequently referred to subcommittees of each of those committees.
A package of mining legislation was introduced by the House Committee on Natural Resources following oversight hearings into the Gold King Mine spill.
Mining Schools Enhancement Act
Sponsored by: Rep. Cresent Hardy, R-Nev.
Introduced: Oct. 9
Addresses a shortage of mining experts proficient in technical and engineering issues.
“Would amend the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to provide support to mining schools, and for other purposes.”
Would call for the director of the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement to allocate at least 70 percent of applicable program funding to “enhance and support mining and mineral engineering programs in the United States by funding activities at mining schools.”
According to the committee, none of the more than 15,000 EPA employees, at the time of the bill’s introduction, were mining experts.
Status: Referred to the House Committee on Natural Resources on Oct. 9, and then to the Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources on Oct. 21. Field Hearing held inside the Edgar Mine in Idaho Springs, Colorado, on Dec. 14 – the first congressional hearing held inside of a mine.
Energy and Minerals Reclamation Foundation Establishment Act
Sponsored by: Rep. Jody Hice, R-Ga.
Introduced: Oct. 28
Would establish a foundation to encourage and use gifts and bequests for reclamation projects.
Proposed foundation would be allowed to solicit public contributions to facilitate cleanups at abandoned mining, oil and gas sites.
Status: Referred to the House Committee on Natural Resources on Oct. 28, and subsequently referred to the Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources the same day. Subcommittee hearing on legislation held Nov. 4.
Locatable Minerals Claim Location and Maintenance Fees Act
Sponsored by: Rep. Doug Lamborn, R-Colo.
Introduced: Oct. 28
Would “authorize for a 7-year period the collection of claim location and maintenance fees, and for other purposes” by the Bureau of Land Management.
Good Samaritan provisions to allow willing third-party groups to conduct abandoned mine cleanups with certain liability protections.
Good Samaritan provision would apply to abandoned coal and non-coal mines.
Status: Referred to the House Committee on Natural Resources, as well as the House Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure, and Energy and Commerce, on Oct. 28, and subsequently to subcommittees. Committee hearing held by House Natural Resources Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources on Nov. 4.