NEW YORK – The Trump administration faces a test in Venezuela.
It must pursue a foreign policy that helps usher out the odious regime of Nicolas Maduro without triggering a backlash against perceived American “imperialism.” It must support a political transition that doesn’t threaten the old guard so much that they fight to the end. And the U.S. must join with other nations to help a country that’s virtually been destroyed over the last decade.
All this requires careful diplomacy and quiet pressure, not bombast.
But Venezuela also poses a challenge for the Democratic Party. Can it find its voice on Venezuela and foreign policy?
So far there are worrying signs that the new Democratic policy could turn out to be an isolationism that is not so different from Donald Trump’s own “America First” instincts.
Rep. Tulsi Gabbard of Hawaii says, “The United States needs to stay out of Venezuela. Let the Venezuelan people determine their future.” Rep. Ilhan Omar of Minnesota says, “We cannot [hand-pick] leaders for other countries on behalf of multinational corporate interests.” Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders notes, “We must learn the lessons of the past and not be in the business of regime change or supporting coups.”
Does one really have to explain that Venezuela’s problems are primarily caused by its government? That the Venezuelan people have not been allowed to pick their own leaders for years, going back to Hugo Chavez’s rule? The current government has clung to power by crushing opposition, muzzling the media and using lethal force against protesters. During a single week in January, pro-Maduro forces allegedly killed at least 30 people and arrested at least 850, according to the United Nations.
The Chavez-Maduro regime has destroyed what was once Latin America’s richest nation, producing an inflation rate of 1 million percent. (Prices double approximately every 19 days.) The simplest, bleakest indicator of how bad things are in Venezuela is that since 2015, an estimated 3 million Venezuelans have fled the country. That’s about 10 percent of the country.
But millions more Venezuelans are staying and fighting. They have come out in droves to vote against this government, almost defeating Maduro in 2013 despite an unfair election, and successfully bringing an opposition parliament to power in 2015. For the last few years, Venezuelans have organized massive protests against the regime, enduring tear gas, arrests and killings. They have now rallied behind an opposition leader, Juan Guaido, and are using a constitutional process to shift control of the government from the regime to the elected parliament.
The Venezuelan government has used its oil wealth to support anti-American movements throughout Latin America. It is well-documented that it has developed ties with Iran and even Hezbollah. The Maduro regime is supported by a rogues’ gallery of strongmen, from Vladimir Putin to Xi Jinping to Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
There is a larger debate to be had about the path forward for a progressive foreign policy. There are lessons to be learned from the overextension of American power abroad, from interventions that have gone on too long. Policy toward Venezuela will require tact, caution, regional engagement and more. But to shield us from the danger of mistakes and bad actions, the answer is surely not resolute inaction.
In a brilliant book released last year, “A Foreign Policy for the Left,” the political philosopher (and card-carrying leftist) Michael Walzer argues that the position of the left has tended to be inaction. The world is complicated, American power can be misused, so best to just stay the hell out.
But those criteria could be a counsel for inaction at home as well. A swift transition to Medicare for All would also be fraught with complexities and risks.
Walzer makes a powerful case that “in a world beset by wars and civil wars, religious zealotry, terrorist attacks, far-right nationalism, tyrannical governments, gross inequalities and widespread poverty and hunger, [the world] requires intelligent leftist attention.” One additional example: You cannot tackle climate change without a deep and continuing engagement with the other 95 percent of humanity.
“Our deepest commitment is solidarity with people in trouble,” writes Walzer.
Right now, there are millions in trouble in our hemisphere who are trying to help themselves. They deserve the active support of the American left.
Fareed Zakaria is a columnist for The Washington Post.