BEIJING The surprising escape of a blind legal activist from house arrest to the presumed custody of U.S. diplomats is buoying Chinas embattled dissident community even as the government lashes out, detaining those who helped him and squelching mention of his name on the Internet.
The flight of Chen Guangcheng, a campaigner for disabled rights and against coercive family planning, is a challenge for Chinas authoritarian government and, if its confirmed he is in U.S. custody, for Washington too. Assistant Secretary of State Kurt Campbell began a hurried mission to Beijing on Sunday to smooth the way for annual talks involving his boss, Hillary Clinton, Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner and scores of officials.
Though Chen a self-taught legal activist described by friends and supporters as calm and charismatic hardly seems a threat, security forces and officials have reacted angrily, detaining several of his supporters, and a nephew who fought with officials after the escape was discovered is on the run.
Police showed up at the home of veteran activists Zeng Jinyan and Hu Jia, who met with Chen last week while he was hiding in Beijing. Police took Hu away Saturday for 24 hours. They questioned Zeng for about a half-hour at home, sounding, she said, very unhappy about Chens flight.
They were really irritated, Zeng said. It was a big shock for them.
Ai Xiaoming, a documentary filmmaker based in southern Guangzhou city, said Chens escape has had the biggest emotional impact on Chinese rights advocates since jailed dissident Liu Xiaobo won the Nobel Peace Prize two years ago.
There are many people now drinking toasts to him for the way he broke through his captivity, his difficulties and pursued freedom, Ai said. Its what we all want for ourselves in our hearts. Chen Guangcheng is an example to us. If a blind person can break out of the darkness to freedom, then everyone can.
Chinas state-controlled media have so far ignored the story despite its gripping narrative and the serious implications it could have on Sino-U.S. relations. Anything vaguely related to Chen has been blocked on Chinese social-media sites, such as posts including or key word searches for Chen, Guangcheng, GC, or even the words blind person.
The media blackout and online controls havent prevented Chinas Internet savvy activist community from learning about or celebrating Chens escape. After state television aired a rerun Saturday of the American prison-break film Shawshank Redemption, some gleefully tweeted that it was an indirect nod to Chen. Shawshank Redemption became a banned search term.
Chens whereabouts have yet to be confirmed. Activists in China and overseas have said Chen is either under U.S. protection or in the U.S. Embassy.
Chens escape comes as the Chinese leadership is already reeling, trying to heal divisions over the ousting of a powerful politician, Bo Xilai, and complete a once-a-decade transition to a new generation of leaders. As in Chens case, the U.S. is implicated: Bos ouster was precipitated by the sudden flight of an aide to the U.S. Consulate in Chengdu.
While the aide, Wang Lijun, gave himself to Chinese authorities and though Republicans have criticized President Barack Obama for letting a valuable intelligence asset go the incident and Chens escape reaffirm long-held suspicions by Beijing that the U.S. wants to undermine the communist government. Late last week, the White House, in a reversal, said it was considering selling new warplanes to Taiwan the democratic island China claims as a breakaway territory.
Its not known what Chens intentions are: some say he wants to stay in China. But negotiating any exit from U.S. custody is likely to be difficult for the Obama administration. Beijing is likely to be wary of any concessions, fearing they might embolden other activists.