DECATUR, Ill. (AP) When you cant see, you have to depend on your ears more, and the group of campers in the Illinois School for the Visually Impaireds Young Explorers camp learns fast.
Illinois Raptor Center Program Director Jacques Nuzzos parents are both deaf, so he has a personal interest in helping people who have disabilities. He said he watched his parents endure poor treatment all his life.
I agreed to this program because I just wanted these kids to know that you can enjoy the outdoors, no matter what your disability is, he said.
When the Jacksonville school contacted the center about a program for visually impaired and blind children, he had to create one just for them, and his idea was to teach them to recognize birds by their songs.
When Im out in the woods, the birds are up in the trees, and I have to identify them by their sounds, Nuzzo told the children. Eighty percent of bird identification is done by sound. You hear them before you see them.
The wooded acreage surrounding the raptor center contains a variety of common and uncommon Illinois birds, and behind the centers office building, Nuzzo and Executive Director Jane Seitz have set up bird feeding stations with different foods to attract even more of them.
When robins or sparrows sang above the childrens heads during the first part of the program, Nuzzo identified them, and using his iPad, played recordings of other calls those birds make. He called the songs of common birds background noise when hes out bird-watching, because he wants to encounter less-common birds and had to learn to filter out the sounds of the common ones first.
The youngsters, ages 7 to 11, attend regular schools during the year with vision assistance in varying degrees, said Kathy Turner, co-director of activities. The camp provides the children with experiences they might not have otherwise.
Between playing bird sounds and calling their attention to the live birds flying around them, Nuzzo told them about the birds habits, let them handle some artifacts such as a raptors skull and a hawks wing and told stories of his own bird-watching. He heard a great blue heron call once in the presence of a friend and remarked that it sounded like a pterodactyl.
How do you know? he said the friend asked because pterodactyls have been extinct for quite long time and nobody knows what they sounded like. OK, Nuzzo admitted, it sounds like I imagine a pterodactyl would sound.
Herons, condors and vultures have no vocal cords, he said, so they dont sing.
Seitz brought out one of the centers ring-necked doves for the children to touch. That was camper Mackenzie Strongs favorite part of the afternoon.
I liked her because shes like me, said Mackenzie, 10, who attends St. Anastasia School in Waukegan. Shes albino.
It wasnt long before Nuzzo could ask the children which bird they had just heard, and they could tell him, even when a white-breasted nuthatch called from one of the feeders. Hed only played that call for them once and told them the way to remember it is to think of laughter.
He passed around a golden eagle egg for them to handle gently and told them an eagle at the center is a prolific egg-layer.
She lays eggs like a tennis ball launcher, he said, making the children laugh. I never dreamed of a day when one of my problems would be an abundance of eagle eggs.
He took them to visit some of the raptors that live at the center, demonstrated how the barred owl Octavia will return his call, and then called to the eagle Ruby the prolific egg-layer by name so she would squawk in response.
Eagles, in spite of their size, have a relatively squeaky and small voice, he said.
Ethan Edwards, 9, of Bloomington-Normal liked Ruby best of all the birds, for patriotic reasons.
Eagles are the symbol of our country, he said.