WASHINGTON A young man talking on a cellphone meanders along the edge of a lonely train platform at night. Suddenly, he stumbles, loses his balance and pitches over the side, landing head first on the tracks.
Fortunately, there were no trains approaching the Philadelphia-area station at that moment because it took the man several minutes to recover enough to climb out of danger. But the incident, captured last year by a security camera and provided to The Associated Press, underscores the risks of what government officials and safety experts say is a growing problem: distracted walking.
On city streets, in suburban parking lots and in shopping centers, there is usually someone strolling while talking on a phone, texting with his head down, listening to music or playing a video game. The problem isnt as widely discussed as distracted driving, but the danger is real.
Reports of injuries to distracted walkers treated at hospital emergency rooms have more than quadrupled in the last seven years and are almost certainly underreported. There has been a spike in pedestrians killed and injured in traffic accidents, but there is no reliable data about how many were distracted by electronics.
We are where we were with cellphone use in cars 10 years or so ago. We knew it was a problem, but we didnt have the data, said Jonathan Akins, deputy executive director of the Governors Highway Safety Association, which represents state highway safety offices.
State and local officials are struggling to figure out how to respond, and in some cases asking how far government should go in trying to protect people from themselves.
In Delaware, highway safety officials opted for a public-education campaign, placing decals on crosswalks and sidewalks at busy intersections urging pedestrians to Look up. Drivers arent always looking out for you.
Philadelphia officials are drafting a safety campaign that will be aimed in part at pedestrians who are looking at their devices instead of where theyre going. One of the messages will certainly be pick your head up I want to say nitwit, but I probably shouldnt call them names, said Rina Cutler, deputy mayor for transportation and public utilities.
As an April Fools Day joke with a serious message, Philadelphia officials taped off an e-lane for distracted pedestrians on a sidewalk outside downtown office buildings.
The sad part is we had people who, once they realized we were going to take the e-lane away, got mad because they thought it was really helpful to not have people get in their way while they were walking and texting, Cutler said.
When the Utah Transit Authority adopted an ordinance barring pedestrians from using cellphones, headphones or other distracting electronic devices while crossing the tracks of its light rail system on the streets of Salt Lake City, subject to a $50 fine, the Legislature refused to make it a statewide law.
Look, I get distracted all the time, bristled Utah State Rep. Craig Frank, a Republican who opposed the proposal. I have a smartphone, too. Walking on sidewalks, in stores and malls, and maybe in a crosswalk sometimes Im using my cellphone. But I try to stay connected to my environment. I never thought the government needed to cite me for using my cellphone in a reasonable manner.
Distracted walking bills in the Arkansas, Illinois and New York legislatures also went nowhere.
The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, which provided the video of the man who fell onto the train tracks, has received reports from bus drivers and train engineers who say they nearly hit pedestrians who didnt appear to hear them sound their horns because they were distracted by their electronic devices, said Jim Fox, the agencys director of system safety and risk management.
He said there have been several cases of people hit and killed by the authoritys trains in which it appears they were wearing headphones or using cellphones while trespassing on tracks.
A University of Maryland study found 116 cases over six years in which pedestrians were killed or seriously injured while wearing headphones. In two-thirds of the cases the victims were men younger than 30. Half the cases involved trains. In a third of the incidents, a warning horn was sounded just before the accident.
With the smartphone technology these days and everything at your fingertips, its almost getting to be an obsession or a compulsion with people, Fox said. You see it in airports or train stations or malls if theres any kind of downtime, theyre jumping right to that phone.