ALBANY, N.Y. New York kept the owner of Hudson River Rafting Co. on its list of 2,500 licensed outdoor guides, despite two charges against him of reckless endangerment and a dozen other tickets citing his guides with unlicensed whitewater trips over the last five years.
Thats because New York unlike many states, the National Park Service and the U.S. Forest Service regulates the guides themselves, not the companies. That focus, say critics, allows companies to continue operating even when their guides have endangered any of the thousands of outdoors-lovers who engage their services.
In addition, New York rarely revokes the licenses of guides.
In one deadly case this fall, a Columbus, Ohio, woman drowned on one of the companys Adirondack whitewater trips headed by licensed guide Rory Fay, 37. Fay was charged with criminally negligent homicide, accused of rafting drunk when he and client Tamara Blake, 53, were thrown into the rapids of the Indian River on Sept. 27. Her boyfriend also was on the boat.
Meanwhile, owner Patrick Cunningham again faces reckless endangerment charges after he allegedly left a raft of clients he was personally guiding this spring to fend for themselves. The New York attorney general since has shut down his rafting business, and the state subsequently suspended Cunninghams and Fays guide licenses.
On a whitewater trip Aug. 26, two Hudson River Rafting clients were put into an inflatable kayak when its guided rafts were full. They capsized twice in 15 minutes.
I began hitting rock after rock in the rapids and suffered significant bruising and cuts to my legs, said Richard Belson in a court affidavit. At one point I was dragged under the water by the current and had great difficulty getting back to the surface, he said.
Cunningham and his lawyer Jason Britt have challenged the court-ordered shutdown, but he declined several requests to discuss the case. One of the early Adirondack rafting guides, he has taken thousands of clients down the Hudson over three decades. He and Fay denied the criminal charges. Whitewater kayakers often ride the rapids on their own, without guides.
Blake drowned despite wearing a flotation vest and helmet.
In other parts of the U.S., authorities focus on the companies, not the individual guides, according to David Brown, executive director of the American Outdoor Association in Knoxville, Tenn. He predicted New York will change its approach now.
(New York) regulated the guides, not the companies, Brown said. The guide can make a mistake. The company can continue to operate. Thats a unique situation.
A survey by the Outdoor Foundation showed 3.8 million Americans went rafting in 2011. As many as 5,000 U.S. outfitters provide guide services around the country, ranging from day hikes to weeks-long wilderness adventures. Brown said recurring problems at guide services elsewhere would trigger complaints from other outfitters who dont want the shared black eye.
At San Juan Mountain Guides in Durango, which has special permits to operate in several national forests and parks, owner and director Nate Disser said theres no state guide certification like New Yorks, and the company bears the responsibility for what they do.
We have to prove our guides meet some sort of minimum standard to federal authorities, he said.
The company has its own manuals and training and is credentialed by the American Mountain Guides Association.
Look for guides or services that have both experience and credentials. Been there and done that, so to speak, Disser advised.
Dissers company requires clients to sign forms assuming inherent and uncontrollable risks such as bad weather, lightning or rock and ice falls, but provides the technical expertise to manage that risk, he said.
Brown and several New York outfitters familiar with the Hudson River rafting case suggested ways for clients to check out guides beyond government permits, including the Internet. On sites with customer reviews, they said recurrent complaints should be a red flag, though any service is likely to have one or two disgruntled customers.