Fred Baker was no ordinary Ponzi schemer.
He was a misguided investor who thought he could game the Ponzi system and felt bad when the plan fell apart, his lawyer said at his 2011 sentencing.
And he paid victims back to the tune of $400,000.
At the hearing, Baker was contrite.
“It's heart-wrenching to me, too, to think that I have affected that many people, not to mention the burden on society that I have kind of done, meaning all my life I have tried to really be a good person,” Baker said.
That's not how a few people in Utah saw him.
The $400,000 paybacks came in a series of four checks from a Utah woman named Kristine Kimball. She is married to Randy Kimball, and prosecutors said in court that neither one is a target of a criminal investigation.
But a pair of lawsuits in Utah and Idaho offer clues as to how they might have gotten that $400,000.
In May 2007, the same month Baker's Durango scheme fell apart, he met five men in Logan, Utah – where he would soon move – and pitched a new investment to them. He told them he was worth millions of dollars and could change their lives, according to a lawsuit filed in federal court in Utah.
Baker introduced two of the men, Adam Bentley and Jamison Potter, to Kimball, who pitched an investment in “viaticals,” an obscure way of making money from insurance settlements.
Potter and Bentley helped round up $6 million from 40 investors, according to a lawsuit against them by Idaho's Securities Bureau.
The money went to two companies, Legacy International Group and Patriot Financial Group, according to the Idaho lawsuit. Kimball is the registered agent for both companies, according to corporate registrations in Utah and Panama.
From Panama, the money disappeared in the fall of 2007, the lawsuit said. That time frame coincides with payments from Kimball's wife to Baker's Durango victims.
Regulators in Idaho went after Potter, Bentley and other people and won a $5.3 million judgment in 2010. They did not prosecute Kimball or Baker. The defendants have not paid any restitution so far, according to the Idaho Department of Finance.
Bentley and other investors sued Potter and Randy Kimball, but a judge threw out the case last July when the plaintiffs failed to prosecute it.
Kimball did not return messages left at his Georgia business. In a motion filed in Bentley's lawsuit against him, he denied guilt.
“Randall E. Kimball, a live breathing man on the land hereby denies each and every allegation set forth in the complaint,” Kimball wrote.
Bentley did not return a call and an email left at a number and address provided by his former lawyer.
According to the lawsuit against Kimball, the initial investors trusted him because he held himself out as a high councilman in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
It was a classic example of a type of scam known as affinity fraud. Affinity fraudsters prey on friends and people in the same trusted social groups.
It was at work in Baker's Durango scheme. His scam worked like a viral infection, spreading from victim to victim through close social networks. Family members passed it to one another, and a dentist in Washington state spread it to his friends, family and employees.
Affinity fraud also has been noticeable in the Mormon community, and church leaders have made repeated warnings to their flock in recent years.
Utah loses more in fraud per person – $500 – than any other state, according to The Economist magazine.
“Church members should not let their natural trust blind them to the dangers of those who would exploit it,” said Michael Otterson, the LDS public affairs director, at a February 2012 conference on fraud.
Keeping the faith
Meanwhile, back in Durango, some of Baker's victims were trying to keep the money flowing.
Kevin Bryden served as Baker's bookkeeper and one of his biggest investors. Baker's chief marketer, Mark Akins, stopped answering calls from aggrieved investors after Baker skipped town, but his brother, Peter Akins, took over as the point man.
About the same time Baker and Kimball were pitching the insurance scam in Utah, Bryden sought to reassure Durango investors after their payments from Baker's so-called currency trading had abruptly stopped. He, too, mentioned an insurance investment.
“The currency events will be replaced by an elite insurance program that will pay a guaranteed 8 percent monthly,” Bryden wrote in a May 22 email to investors.
They kept the faith for several months after Baker's scam collapsed.
In a Dec. 27, 2007, email, Peter Akins told Baker's investors that their money would be refunded, and the investment program could continue.
“We have wonderful opportunities waiting for us when this is complete,” Peter Akins wrote.
But it was never complete. Their money remains lost, disappeared into an international network of financial crime.
Tuesday, the Herald takes a look at that network.
An earlier version of this story gave an incorrect first name for Adam Bentley.