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Simply salt

What you should know about nature’s most common seasoning
A variety of salts have both culinary and health benefits.
A salt primer

Kosher salt



Kosher salt is produced by an alteration in the evaporation process that results in much larger and irregular-shaped grains that dissolve more slowly in liquid. Long-handled rakes are used to create the irregular surfaces that can do a better job of withdrawing blood from uncooked meat, important in the dietary laws of Judaism. The size of the grains of kosher salt varies considerably, making it difficult to convert measurements of fine-grain table salt to kosher salt. Used for brines and for seasoning when cooking, kosher salts are no purer or saltier in taste than refined salt.



Iodized salt



Iodized salt is formed when potassium iodide or a mineral salt containing potassium iodide is combined with sodium chloride. Kosher salt, sea salt and table salt all can be purchased in iodized or non-iodized forms. The practice of iodizing salt in the U.S. started in 1924 to lower the incidence of goiter. Iodine occurs in some dairy and seafood and in vegetables grown in coastal soils that contain salt from the ocean.



Fleur de sel



Literally “the flower of the salt,” fleur de sel is flake-like, delicate, crisp chips of salt. Fleur de sel is hand-harvested from the top layers of inland sea beds found in Brittany on the west coast of France and in coastal areas of Portugal. This light-gray, artisanal finishing salt, often used as a garnish, is labor-intensive to extract, which explains why fleur de sel is marginally cheaper than a ticket to France.



Sea salt



All salt is from the sea. Salt that is mined comes from evaporated ancient inland seas. Whether it came from the sea last week or was extracted from seas trapped under the ground millions of years ago, all salt is processed and purified for human consumption.



Pink salt, also Himalayan or Hawaiian salt



This mined salt contains 95 to 97 percent sodium chloride. The pink color may result from gypsum, iron oxide and up to 10 trace minerals. These salts are named for the areas from which they are mined, and crystals can range from fine to coarse.



Karen Brucoli Anesi

Simply salt

A variety of salts have both culinary and health benefits.
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